Common American species by Habitat

Grassland Mammals of North and South America

  • Antilocapra americana (pronghorn)—western North America
  • Bison bison (American bison)—western North America
  • Lama guanicoe (guanaco)—western South America
  • Lama pacos (alpaca)—western South America
  • Vicugna vicugna (vicuña)—western South America
  • Odocoileus hemionus (mule deer)—western North America
  • Cervus elaphus (elk or red deer)—Northern Hemisphere
  • Lepus californicus (black-tailed jackrabbit)—southwestern North America
  • Lepus townsendii (white-tailed jackrabbit)—northwestern North America
  • Sylvilagus audubonii (desert cottontail)—southwestern North America
  • Geomys bursarius (Plains pocket gopher)—western North America
  • Dipodomys ordii (Ord’s kangaroo rat)—western North America
  • Perognathus flavescens (Plains pocket mouse)—central North America
  • Erethizon dorsatum (North American porcupine)—North America
  • Zapus princeps (western jumping mouse)—western North America
  • Zapus hudsonius (meadow jumping mouse)—eastern North America
  • Neotoma floridana (eastern wood rat)—eastern North America
  • Onychomys leucogaster (northern grasshopper mouse)—western North America
  • Peromyscus maniculatus (deer mouse)—North America
  • Reithrodontomys megalotis (western harvest mouse)—western North America
  • Sigmodon arizonae (Arizona cotton rat)—southern North America to northern South America
  • Cynomys leucurus (white-tailed prairie dog)—western North America
  • Spermophilus variegatus (rock squirrel)—southwestern North America
  • Canis latrans (coyote)—North and Central America
  • Urocyon cinereoargenteus (gray fox)—southern North America and Central America
  • Vulpes vulpes (red fox)—Northern Hemisphere
  • Mustela nigripes (black-footed ferret)—North America
  • Neovison vison (American mink)—North America
  • Taxidea taxus (American badger)—central North America
  • Procyon lotor (northern raccoon)—North America to northern South America
  • Ursus arctos (brown bear)—Northern Hemisphere
  • Lynx rufus (bobcat)—North America
  • Puma concolor (cougar or mountain lion)—North and South America
  • Dasypus novemcinctus (nine-banded armadillo)—North and South America

    Forest Mammals of North and South America

  • Alces americanus (moose)—northern North America
  • Alces alces (Eurasian elk)—northern North America and Europe
  • Odocoileus hemionus (mule deer)—western North America
  • Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)—North and Central America
  • Rangifer tarandus (caribou)—Circumpolar
  • Cervus elaphus (elk or red deer)—Northern Hemisphere
  • Lepus americanus (snowshoe hare)—northern North America
  • Lepus townsendii (white-tailed jackrabbit)—northwestern North America
  • Sylvilagus floridanus (eastern cottontail)—eastern North America and northwestern South America
  • Castor canadensis (American beaver)—North America
  • Erethizon dorsatum (North American porcupine)—North America
  • Neotoma floridana (eastern wood rat)—eastern North America
  • Neotoma lepida (desert wood rat)—western North America
  • Neotoma mexicana (Mexican wood rat)—southwestern North America and Central America
  • Peromyscus maniculatus (deer mouse)—North America
  • Reithrodontomys megalotis (western harvest mouse)—western North America
  • Sigmodon arizonae (Arizona cotton rat)—southern North America to northern South America
  • Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)—eastern North America
  • Sciurus niger (eastern fox squirrel)—eastern and central North America
  • Tamiasciurus hudsonicus (red squirrel)—North America
  • Marmota monax (woodchuck)—North America
  • Tamias striatus (eastern chipmunk)—eastern North America
  • Canis latrans (coyote)—North and Central America
  • Canis lupus (gray wolf)—Northern Hemisphere
  • Urocyon cinereoargenteus (gray fox)—southern North America and Central America
  • Vulpes vulpes (red fox)—Northern Hemisphere
  • Mephitis mephitis (striped skunk)—North America
  • Mustela frenata (long-tailed weasel)—North America to northern South America
  • Neovison vison (American mink)—North America
  • Procyon lotor (northern raccoon)—North America to northern South America
  • Ursus americanus (American black bear)—North America
  • Ursus arctos (brown bear)—Northern Hemisphere
  • Lynx canadensis (Canada lynx)—northern North America
  • Lynx rufus (bobcat)—North America
  • Puma concolor (cougar or mountain lion)—North and South America
  • Dasypus novemcinctus (nine-banded armadillo)—North and South America
  • Didelphis virginiana (Virginia opossum)—North and Central America
  • Mountain Mammals of North and South America
  • Oreamnos americanus (mountain goat)—northwestern North America
  • Ovis canadensis (bighorn sheep)—western North America
  • Lama glama (llama)—western South America
  • Lama pacos (alpaca)—western South America
  • Alces alces (Eurasian elk)—northern North America and Europe
  • Odocoileus hemionus (mule deer)—western North America
  • Cervus elaphus (elk or red deer)—Northern Hemisphere
  • Lepus townsendii (white-tailed jackrabbit)—northwestern North America
  • Erethizon dorsatum (North American porcupine)—North America
  • Zapus hudsonius (meadow jumping mouse)—eastern North America
  • Neotoma mexicana (Mexican wood rat)—southwestern North America and Central America
  • Peromyscus maniculatus (deer mouse)—North America
  • Reithrodontomys megalotis (western harvest mouse)—western North America
  • Canis latrans (coyote)—North and Central America
  • Canis lupus (gray wolf)—Northern Hemisphere
  • Vulpes vulpes (red fox)—Northern Hemisphere
  • Taxidea taxus (American badger)—central North America
  • Ursus arctos (brown bear)—Northern Hemisphere
  • Lynx rufus (bobcat)—North America
  • Puma concolor (cougar or mountain lion)—North and South America

    Desert Mammals of North and South America

  • Antilocapra americana (pronghorn)—western North America
  • Ovis canadensis (bighorn sheep)—western North America
  • Odocoileus hemionus (mule deer)—western North America
  • Lepus californicus (black-tailed jackrabbit)—southwestern North America
  • Lepus townsendii (white-tailed jackrabbit)—northwestern North America
  • Sylvilagus audubonii (desert cottontail)—southwestern North America
  • Dipodomys ordii (Ord’s kangaroo rat)—western North America
  • Perognathus flavescens (Plains pocket mouse)—Central North America
  • Erethizon dorsatum (North American porcupine)—North America
  • Neotoma lepida (desert wood rat)—western North America
  • Onychomys leucogaster (northern grasshopper mouse)—western North America
  • Peromyscus maniculatus (deer mouse)—North America
  • Reithrodontomys megalotis (western harvest mouse)—western North America
  • Cynomys leucurus (white-tailed prairie dog)—western North America
  • Canis latrans (coyote)—North and Central America
  • Vulpes vulpes (red fox)—Northern Hemisphere
  • Taxidea taxus (American badger)—central North America
  • Ursus arctos (brown bear)—Northern Hemisphere
  • Lynx rufus (bobcat)—North America
  • Puma concolor (cougar or mountain lion)—North and South America

    Freshwater Fish of North America

  • Lepisosteus osseus (longnose gar)—eastern North America
  • Lepisosteus oculatus (spotted gar)—eastern North America
  • Lepisosteus platyrhincus (Florida gar)—eastern North America
  • Lepisosteus platostomus (shortnose gar)—eastern North America
  • Atractosteus spatula (alligator gar)—eastern North America
  • Ictalurus punctatus (channel catfish)—northern North America
  • Ameiurus natalis (yellow bullhead)—eastern North America
  • Ameiurus melas (black bullhead)—North America
  • Alosa pseudoharengus (alewife or herring)—northeastern North America
  • Aplodinotis grunniens (freshwater drum)—eastern North America
  • Salmo salar (Atlantic salmon)—North Atlantic
  • Oncorhynchus keta (Pacific salmon)—North Pacific
  • Oncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)—western North America
  • Amia calva (bowfin)—eastern North America
  • Esox lucius (northern pike)—North America and Eurasia
  • Micropterus salmoides (bigmouth bass)—eastern North America
  • Micropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass)—eastern North America
  • Morone chrysops (white bass)—North America
  • Perca flavescens (yellow perch)—eastern North America

    Brackish Water Fish of North America

  • Lepisosteus oculatus (spotted gar)—eastern North America
  • Lepisosteus platyrhincus (Florida gar)—eastern North America
  • Atractosteus spatula (alligator gar)—eastern North America
  • Ictalurus punctatus (channel catfish)—northern North America
  • Gadus morhua (Atlantic cod)—North Atlantic
  • Oncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)—western North America

    Saltwater Fish of North America

  • Lepisosteus osseus (longnose gar)—eastern North America
  • Alosa pseudoharengus (alewife or herring)—northeastern North America
  • Pogonias cromis (black drum)—eastern North America
  • Gadus morhua (Atlantic cod)—North Atlantic
  • Salmo salar (Atlantic salmon)—North Atlantic
  • Oncorhynchus keta (Pacific salmon)—North Pacific
  • Oncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)—western North America
  • Sebastes caurinus (copper rockfish)—western North America
  • Sebastes marinus (red rockfish or red snapper)—Pacific
  • Theragra chalcogramma (Alaska pollock)—northern Pacific
  • Clupea harengus (Atlantic herring)—northern Atlantic
  • Clupea pallasii (Pacific herring)—northern Pacific
  • Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)—Pacific
  • Hippoglossus hippoglossus (Atlantic halibut)—Atlantic

    Waterfowl, Seabirds, and Shorebirds

  • Gavia immer (common loon)—Summer–northern North America, Winter–North America
  • Podiceps auritus (horned grebe)—Summer–northern North America, Winter–North America
  • Pelecanus erythrorhynchos (American white pelican)—Summer–inland North America, Winter–coastal southern North America
  • Branta canadensis (Canada goose)—Summer–northern North America, winter–southern North America
  • Aix sponsa (wood duck)—Summer–North America, Winter–southern North America
  • Anas platyrhynchos (mallard)—Worldwide
  • Anas discors (blue-winged teal)—Summer–North America, Winter–southern North American and South America
  • Pandion haliaetus (osprey)—worldwide
  • Ardea herodias (great blue heron)—Summer–North and Central America, Winter–North, Central, and South America
  • Fulica americana (American coot or mud hen)—Summer–northern North America, Winter–southern North America
  • Larus californicus (Californian gull)—western North America

    Birds of Prey

  • Cathartes aura (turkey vulture)—North and South America
  • Haliaeetus leucocephalus (bald eagle)—North America
  • Buteo jamaicensis (red-tailed hawk)—North and Central America
  • Bubo virginianus (great horned owl)—North and South America
  • Tyto alba (barn owl)—Worldwide

    Game Birds

  • Meleagris gallopavo (wild turkey)—North America Forests
  • Bonasa umbellus (ruffed grouse)—North America Forests
  • Colinus virginianus (northern bobwhite)—North and Central America, Forest and Grassland

    Common Birds

  • Columba livia (common pigeon)—worldwide
  • Corvus brachyrhynchos (American crow)—North America
  • Corvus corax (common raven)—worldwide

    Common Amphibians

  • Ambystoma tigrinum (tiger salamander)—North America—Forest and Grassland
  • Spea bombifrons (plains spadefoot toad)—North America—Desert and Grassland
  • Rana catesbeiana (North American bullfrog)—North America—All (water dependent)
  • Rana pipiens (northern leopard frog)—North America—Grassland and Forest
  • Bufo americanus (American toad)—North America—all

    Reptiles

  • Chelydra serpentina (snapping turtle)—eastern North America—Fresh or brackish water
  • Kinosternon flavescens (yellow mud turtle)—central North America—Freshwater
  • Sternotherus odoratus (common musk turtle)—eastern North America—Freshwater
  • Terrapene Carolina (box turtle)—eastern North America—Forest or Grassland
  • Pseuduemys concinna (river cooter)—eastern North America—Fresh or brackish water
  • Chrysemys picta (painted turtle)—North America—Freshwater
  • Gopherus polyphemus (gopher tortoise)—southeastern North America—Desert or Forest
  • Crotaphytus collaris (collared lizard)—western North America—Rock outcrops